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What is OCD?

Sep 27, 2022

 Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental health condition that affects people of all ages. OCD is characterized by obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors. People with OCD often have difficulty controlling their obsessions and compulsions, which can lead to significant distress and impairment in their daily lives.

Themes

There are many different themes in OCD, but some of the most common obsessional doubts include harm or violence, contamination, order and/or symmetry, relationships, and sexual orientation. Common compulsions include mental rumination, reassurance seeking, excessive washing and cleaning, ordering and arranging, repetitive counting, and avoidance behaviors.

Treatment

OCD can be a very debilitating condition, but there are effective treatments available. Exposure with Response Prevention (ERP) is a form of behavioral therapy that involves gradually exposing oneself to their fears and anxiety-provoking situations while resisting the urge to engage in compulsive behaviors. Inference-based CBT (I-CBT) is a form of cognitive-behavioral therapy that involves bringing real resolution to obsessional doubts by showing the client that obsessional doubts arise as the result of a distorted obsessional narrative.

ERP and I-CBT can be very effective treatments for OCD, but it is important to work with a qualified therapist who has experience treating OCD. If you or someone you know is struggling with OCD, please seek out professional help. There are many resources available to help people suffering from OCD, and treatment can make a significant difference in people’s lives.

 


 

 
This site is for informational purposes only and should not be used to replace the guidance of a qualified professional, does not constitute clinical advice, and does not establish a client-therapist relationship. If you are experiencing an emergency, call 911 or go to your nearest emergency department.